(Bushmans Poison)

Contains poisonous milky latex and poisonous berries. Used medicinally.


Fruit pulp makes refreshing drink high in Vitamin C, medicinal, leaves cooked as spinach.

(Maidenhair Fern)

It is believed to be mildly diuretic.

(Drooping Agapanthus)

It occurs naturally in very cold grasslands and makes a good garden subject.

(Miniature Blue||White Agapanthus)

It is impressive in mass planting or borders along flowerbeds and paths.

(Common Agapanthus)

Clump forming, medicinal uses.


Provincial tree of Natal, wood used for turning, poles for hut building, bark is medicinal.


Excellent for dry spots and rockeries.

(Pink Mallow)

Survives normal winter drought. Lovely in a garden.

(Tassel Berry)

Flaked roots in a bath eases aches and pains, edible fruit, medicinal.

(White Pear||Birds-Eye)

Leaves boiled as spinach, poles for hut building, fish kraals and furniture.


Flowers cooked in stews, juice from the leaf for burns and sunburn.


Medicinal, vigorous, fast-spreading, prevents soil erosion.

(Cape Weed)

Yellow daisies all year, hardy groundcover, prevents soil erosion, lawn substitute.

(Blue Stars)

Mass plant in semi shade for a dramatic effect, medicinal.

(Tall Aristea)

Handsome structural plant.

(Wildeals or Wormwood)

Oldest and best known medicinal plant, essential oil distilled.

(Creeping Foxglove)

Spreads rapidly, mass plant, leaves used for spinach.

(Bush Violet)

Cut back after flowering.

(Bush Violet)

Mass plant under trees, informal borders, prune back after flowering.

(Pride of De Kaap)

Baskets, medicinal uses, lovely in flower.

(Natal Bauhinia)

White flowers attract sunbirds and butterflies, grows in poor soil.

(Yellow Tree Bauhinia)

Yellow flowers attract birds and butterflies.

(Cats Whiskers)

Occurs in grasslands.

(Red Ivory)

Browsed by game, bark eaten by porcupine, edible berries, medicinal, strong muti against evil spirits.

(Toothache Root)

Rhizomes used for toothache.

(Tree Wisteria)

Graceful tree, the name means beautiful, medicinal, excellent wood.


Twisted fan shaped leaves are distinctive, medicinal, poisonous. Protected plant.

(Wild Silver Oak)

Early settlers used the ash to make soap. Zulu diviners use stems and roots to communicate with their ancestors. Wood used for carving.

(Giant Salvia)

Stunning in flower, but is frost tender and needs to be pruned in Winter.

(Wild Pomegranate)

Roots used as a body wash and love charm, hard wood.

(Cape Box)

Over exploited for its beautiful wood, very slow growing.

(Cape Chestnut)

Magnificent terminal sprays of pink flowers. Magical.

(Wild Laburnum)

Grown in Europe for hundreds of years, medicinal.

(Rock Alder)

Edible fruit, hard wood used for fencing posts and tools.

(Sour Fig)

Fruits are eaten raw, processed into jam or used in oriental cooking, leaves are medicinal.


Edible fruit, brown dye from the bark, medicinal, hard wood for household items.

(Lemon Thorn)

Spiny, medicinal, edible.

(White Stinkwood)

Wood used for furniture, unpleasant smell when first cut hence common name, magical.


Medicinal - used to treat cancer, to aid the memory. Leaves are eaten as spinach.

(Wild Foxglove)

Visited by bees, medicinal.

(Fairy Stars)

Low spreading groundcover with small white flowers.

(Cape Thatching Reed)

Used for making brooms and for thatching roofs.

(Bush Tick Berry)

Fruits are eaten by children, medicinal uses.

(Wild Cineraria)

Soft herb, well drained soil. Good to cover banks.


Medicinal and magical, leaves used to flavour curry.

(Travellers Joy)

Lovely climber, pretty in flower and seed. Medicinal and a good luck charm.

(White Cats Whiskers)

Leaves are rubbed onto hands and face to repel bees when collecting honey, poles for hut building, medicinal.

(Blue Cats Whiskers)

Edible fruit. Lovely shrubby tree for an informal border, medicinal.

(Bush Lily)

Medicinal value.

(Small Bone-Apple)

Edible fruit, ornamental and very pretty in flower.

(White Confetti Bush)

Wind resistant, medicinal.

(Dark Pink Confetti Bush)

Wind resistant, suitable for Coastal gardens.

(Pigs Ears)

Medicinal uses for toothache and earache, grey leaves are distinctive.

(Falling Stars)

Medicinal, stunning in flower, good for the vase.

(Lavender Fever Berry)

Medicinal uses, scattered orange leaves, drooping habit, perfume from the leaves.

(Broad-Leaved Quince)

Medicinal and magical.

(Red Alder)

New leaves are beautiful bronze. Wood used for furniture.

(Highveld Cabbage Tree)

Thick stem and attractive, drooping grey leaves. The thick tuberous roots are peeled and eaten raw as an emergency food or as a source of water, medicinal.

(Common Cabbage Tree)

Decorative, lovely form plant with bright Green leaves crowded at the tips of the branches.

(Transvaal Cabbage Tree)

EverGreen tree with a single stem and sparsely branched crown.


Highveld special, pretty in fruit.

(Ifafa Lilly)

Used as a protective charm.

(Holly Fern)

Beautiful fern for a water feature in the shade.

(Pompon Tree)

Masses of very showy fragrant pink, pom-pom like flowers, bark woven and used for rope.

(Dune Soap-Berry)

Attractive garden plant, a good container plant for indoors. Traditionally the seeds are used to make soap, the leaves eaten as spinach and the roots used medicinally.

(Mountain Vygie)

Flat growing carpet of pink, perfect for a townhouse garden, hanging baskets.


Showy groundcover in shades of white, pink. Good to interplant with Watsonias. Used as a pot herb.

(Sickle Bush)

Durable hard wood, leaves, roots and bark are used medicinally, firewood.

(Medium Harebell)

Burning in winter promotes flowering.


Attractive planted near a pond.

(Common Finger Grass)

Controls soil erosion, palatable.

(Blue-and-White Daisy Bush)

White flowers have mauve under the petals and a dark blue centre. Striking in flower. Mass plant for effect.

(Trailing Mauve Daisy)

Creeping daisy which covers banks quickly. Striking in flower and pretty cascading over rocks.

(Transvaal Bluebush)

One of the most widely distributed plants in South Africa, roots produce brown dye, medicinal.

(Climbing Star-Apple)

Edible fruit is orange-brown.


Seeds good substitute for coffee, medicinal, hard wood.

(Sand Olive)

Many medicinal uses, grows easily and prunes well.

(Pink Wild Pear)

Bark is used for fibre, beautiful as a roof for a patio.

(Wild Pear)

Fire resistant, upright tree, bark for rope and flowers are a love potion, medicinal.

(Kei Apple)

Fruit is sour, but tasty and used for jelly and jam making, grown worldwide as a hedge.

(Wild Apricot)

Good for pools||paving. Edible fruit.

(Large-Leaved Dragon Tree)

A lovely foliage plant, can be grown indoors.

(Spotted-Leaved Drimiopsis)

Medicinal, indoor plant.

(Pistol Bush)

Attractive with dark Green leaves and brilliant white flowers.

(Silver Carpet)

Flat growing suitable for between pavers.

(Puzzle Bush)

Branches used for bows and fishing baskets, strong wood, medicinal and magical. Edible fruit.

(Cape Ash)

Wood for furniture, medicinal and magical plant.

(Tongaland Cycad)

Needs shade and plenty of water.

(Ground Cycad)

Medicinal and magical, considered a lightning conductor.

(African Wild Banana)

Lives about 10 years, then flowers and dies, stems are eaten.

(Weeping Love Grass)

Pasture grass, prevents soil erosion.

(Wild Rosemary)

Cape Snowbush essential oil produced from this plant, medicinal and culinary value.

(Transvaal Red Balloon)

Highveld specie, seeds used as beads.

(Blue Guarri)

Slow growing, roots for brown dye, medicinal.

(Pineapple Flower)

Many medicinal uses, lovely flower for the vase.

(Common Tree Euphorbia)

Sap is very poisonous, medicinal, striking structural plant.

(Golden Daisy Bush)

Low maintenance, cheerful addition to a bird garden.

(Red-Leaved Rock Fig)

Edible fruit, stunning Autumn foliage.

(Giant-Leaved Fig)

Lutea refers to the yellow fruit.

(Broom Cluster Fig)

Fast growing if well watered.

(Transvaal Gardenia)

Wood hard and fine grained, medicinal and magical.

(Trailing Gazania)

Roots used as a love charm, mass plant for effect.

(Lace Leaf Geranium)

Medicinal value.

(Barbeton Daisy)

Much loved and famous through out the world.


Bushpigs eat the corms, rope made from the leaves, medicinal value.

(Flame Lily)

Climbs up shrubs, pretty in flower, medicinal. Poisonous seeds.


Medicinally used to perk up tired people.

(Natal Bottlebrush)

Interesting, rugged looking, magnificent, brilliant red flowers.

(Wild Rhubarb)

Stems and roots peeled and eaten, medicinal value, attractive foliage.

(Dappled Snowbrush)

Medicinal, mass plant under trees.

(Rabbits Ears)


(Wild Fuchsia)

Neat garden subject.

(Tree Fuchsia)

Lovely drooping habit, excellent garden subject, medicinal and magical. Edible fruit.

(Wild Plum)

Edible fruits used for jam and jelly, bark is medicinal and produces pink dye, timber for furniture.


Beautiful grey foliage, medicinal and magical.

(Scarlet River Lily)

Looks stunning next to a pond or water feature in damp conditions.

(Parsley Tree)

Roots and leaves used in traditional medicine.

(Lavender Tree)

Medicinal, leaves as a mouthwash, lovely Autumn foliage.

(Sun Hibiscus)

Focal point in a small garden, or mass plant in a large area.

(Pink Hibiscus)

Very pretty flower, plant at the back of a bed as it can become leggy.


Attracts bees, browsed by game, medicinal, poisonous roots.

(Curry Bush)

Lovely, graceful plant that smells of curry.

(Ribbon Bush)

Flowers profusely when nothing else is in flower. Undemanding, prune back at the end of Winter.

(Star Flower)

Popular medicinal plant, leaves produce a black dye.

(Cape Holly)

Good street tree or on a lawn, leaves produce a lather, medicinal, wood for furniture.

(Mauve Impatiens)

Plant near a pond in dappled shade.

(Salmon Impatiens)

Plant near a pond in dappled shade.

(Cottonwool Grass)

Soil stabiliser, thatching, used for paper, fuel and rhizomes eaten.

(Japanese Blood Grass)

Green red foliage that turns red from mid Summer to mid Winter. Highly sought after ornamental grass.

(River Indigo)

Popular garden tree, strong wood.

(Wild Jasmine)

Fresh leaves poison sheep and cattle.

(Starry Wild Jasmine)

Plant on a trellis at the patio.

(Common Rush)

It is used for sleeping and sitting mats.

(Matting Rush)

Stems are woven into sleeping mats.

(Businessmans Bush)

Traditionally used to attract business.

(Blue Justcia)

Unusual flowers.

(Sausage Tree)

Medicinal and magical, street tree in Africa and Australia, stunning in flower.

(Wild Peach)

Street tree with attractive fruit, wood for furniture, medicinal. Attracts the Garden Acraea butterfly.

(Common Marsh Poker)

Leaves yellowish to dull Green.


Suitable for rockeries and to liven up a pathway.

(Forest Leonotis)

Medicinal value.

(Wild Dagga)

Medicinal plant, a must for a bird garden, cut back after Winter.


Lovely in a townhouse garden.


Plant on a lawn, wood used for building and mealie stumpers, medicinal and magical.

(Forest Bell Bush)

Glossy dark Green leaves, occurs along streams, wood used to make fire by friction.

(Water Clover)

Floating fern which covers and provides shade and protection for fish.

(Small Melianthus)

Suitable for a mixed border, cut back after flowering.

(Giant Honey Flower)

Lush looking blue Green leaves, very dramatic in flower, medicinal uses.

(Natal Red Top)

Widespread, common grass which is beautiful in flower. Nesting material for birds.

(Wild Spearmint)

Many medicinal uses, fragrant leaves.

(Blue Squill)

Medicinal value.

(Sunbird Bush)

Unusual in flower and loved by the sunbirds and butterflies, undemanding.


Beautiful in flower and in seed, treatment for worms, beautiful dark brown wood for furniture.

(Transvaal Red Milkwood)

Good near pools.

(Cork Bush)

Twigs used as toothbrushes. Beautiful bark is used as an insecticide and fish poison, leaves used to bleach hair. Medicinal.

(Cape Myrtle)

It enjoys cold and temperate areas with moderate rainfall.

(Grass-Leaved Nerine)

Mass plant for effect.

(Soap Dogwood)

It has been adopted by the landscaping trade, perhaps for its versatility. Soapy lather made from the leaves.

(Forest Elder)

Good near pools, plant near a patio.

(Water Lily)

It is suitable for ornamental ponds and dams.

(Mickey Mouse Bush)

Decorative small tree, medicinal.

(Wild Olive)

Edible fruit, protected in South Africa, medicinal, fine wood for turning.

(Pink Sage)

Stunning in flower. Mass plant for effect.


Spreads rapidly, often used by landscapers to cover banks and excellent for mass planting with Aloes.

(Guinea Grass)

Delicate flowering stems with creamy coloured seeds. Clump forming grass. A must in a bird garden with ponds and grassland.


Good for baldness and ringworm, fruit for jam, seeds for oil, also used to make soap.

(Common Brides Bush)

Masses of white flowers in December make it a stunning sight, edible fruit.

(Green Flower Tree)

Poisonous tree, bark used to make rope.

(Weeping Wattle)

Roots and bark used medicinally, wood utilised.

(Wild Date Palm)

Protected in South Africa, fruit edible and highly nutritious, leaves for baskets and mats, sap trapped for wine making.

(Common Reed)

Rhizomes are eaten, hollow stems are pipes and musical instruments, seeds make ointment for burns.

(River Bells)

Useful next to a pond.

(Cape Fuchsia)

Useful next to a pond.

(Potato Bush)

Strong smell of potatoes in Spring, medicinal value, fruit produces black dye.


Bark is medicinal and an aphrodisiac, lovely garden tree.

(Cape Leadwort)

Roots and leaves for headaches, prunes well, favourite.


Roots and leaves for headaches, prunes well, favourite.

(Sweetpea Bush)

Attractive grey foliage, useful in a mixed border.

(Natal Outeniqua Yellow Wood)

In 1976 made SA National Tree, need a permit to cut down, Christmas tree, it has the smallest leaves but grows to be the tallest.

(Henkels Yellowwood)

Has long hanging leaves and is the most popular Yellowwood.

(Real Yellowwood)

Edible fruit, host to epiphytic orchids, beautiful wood for furniture.

(Heart-Leaved Polygala)


(September Bush)

Pretty in flower.

(Purple Broom)

Medicinal, plant at the back of a bed for height.

(Elephants Foot)

Leaves browsed by game and eaten by children, controls soil erosion.

(Red Stinkwood)

Attractive for large gardens. International medicinal value – France and Italy.

(Black Birdberry)

Wood utilised as timber, traditional medicine.


Burnt wood used to discover an evil doer.

(Toothed Brake)

The toothed lobes fold inwards, pretty at a water feature.

(Banded Fern)

Lovely under trees but water frequently.


Good near fish ponds, medicinal, glossy leaves used in beer and wine making, protects against lightening.

(Baboon Grape)

Cover a trellis or use in a hanging basket. Has 3 to 5 long leaves resembling fingers.

(Bushmans Grape)

Cover a trellis or use in a hanging basket.

(Blue Cats Whiskers)

Edible fruit. Lovely shrubby tree for an informal border, medicinal.

(Cape Gardenia)

Flowers scented even when dry, medicinal, decorative, wood utilised.

(Bell Gardenia)

Glossy dark Green leaves, plant alongside a pond, hard wood.

(Knysna Fern)

Water frequently, fronds used by florists.

(Safsaf Willow)

Plant near a pond, medicinal and magical uses.

(Brown Salvia)

Pretty grey foliage, suitable for a coastal garden.

(Blue Salvia)

Mass plant for effect.


Mass plant for a dramatic effect. Many medicinal uses.


Low bushing delicate foliage, good groundcover.

(Katherine Wheel)

Used to make love charms.


Beautiful mass planted under trees, red seeds follow, poisonous bulb, medicinal.


Used for weaving sleeping mats.

(Weeping Boerbean)

Bark used to make sangomas red dye, to ward off evil, strikingly beautiful in flower. Seeds roasted and eaten.


Fruit eaten and used for wine making, seed for producing oil for cooking, moisturiser, baby oil, bark produces a pink-red dye, timber.


Browsed by game, edible fruit, leaves used medicinally.


Plant in mixed border, cut back after flowering.

(Broad-Leaved Bristle Grass)

Eaten by dogs and antelope.


Protected in South Africa, toxic fumes from the wood used in a fire causes severe illness, milky latex is poisonous, wood for furniture.

(Wild Sage)

Medicinal, visited by bees, aromatic leaves.

(Carrion Flower)

Medicinal, attracts flies, plant near rocks for interest.

(Wild Phlox)
(Cancer Bush)

Trials underway for this important medicinal plant.

(Water Berry)

Beautiful red||brown wood, many medicinal uses, bark produces orange dye and the fruits a purple dye.

(Toad Tree)

Edible fruit, latex for bird lime and stops bleeding, medicinal roots.

(Camphor Bush)

Wood used for musical instruments, medicinal, controls soil erosion.

(Cape Honeysuckle)

Beautiful bright Green foliage, edible fruit. A must for a bird garden. Prune back in Winter. Medicinal uses.

(Pink Bush Pea)

Medicinal, fish poison and potential natural insecticide.


Rhizomes are used for meal, medicinal, leaves for brooms, weaving and thatching.

(Wild Medlar)

Fruit is used to distil brandy and is edible, roots medicinal, considered unlucky so the wood is not used.

(Bush Lily)

Flowers last for a month.

(White Ironwood)

Porcupines eat the bark, medicinal, timber.

(Blood Root)

Very pretty in flower, found in swamps and on stream banks.


Popular cut flower, tall spikes.